Part 3: 時 分 半 前 後 午 間 行 会 社

Read this page briefly and spend most of your time on the drill exercise for quick memorization.

: ジ、とき

Meaning: time

Shape: + 寺

  • 日 is in small size and is vertically long.
  • Upper right part is 土.
  • Tilt the last short stroke properly.

Click button to see the stroke order animation.

Word Reading Meaning Class
~時 _ o'clock suffix

1時<1 o'clock>, 2時<2 o'clock>, なん時<what time?>

Note the following irregular pronunciations:

4時(じ not よんじ), 7時(しちじ not ななじ), 9時(じ not きゅうじ)

時[々] ときどき sometimes adv

It is actually two 時. When the same Kanji is repeated twice, the mark is used for the second one.

Another example: 日々(ひび)< days>

時[計] けい clock n
~時 とき at the time of _, when _ n

おきた時、あめが ふっていました。<It was raining when I woke up.>

: フン、、ブン、わ(かつ)、わ(かる)、わ(かれる)わ(ける)

Meaning: to divide, minute

Shape: + 刀(sword). Being cut into two pieces by a sword - symbolizing the concept "to divide".

  • The first 2 strokes are not touched.
  • Strokes (except for the horizontal one) are slightly curved.
~分 ~ふん _ minute(s) suffix

1分<1 minute>, 2分<2 minutes>, なん分<how many minutes?>

~分 can be used for telling time and for duration.

Note the following irregular pronunciations:

1分(いっぷん), 3分(さんん), 4分(よんん), 6分(ろっぷん), 8分(はっぷん), 10分(じゅっぷん).

分かる かる to understand v

分かりますか。<Do you understand?>

分かりません。<I don't understand.>

This word is written all in Hiragana more often.

: ハン、なか(ば)

Meaning: half

  • Tilt the first 2 strokes properly.
  • Upper horizontal line is shorter than the lower.
  • Don't mix up with 羊(sheep)
~半 はん _ (and) half n

1時半(half past 1), 2時間半(2 and half hrs), 3か月半(3 and half months)

半分 はんぶん half n

: ゼン、まえ

Meaning: in front, before

  • The first 2 lines are not crossed with the horizontal line.
  • Lower left part is 月 (moon). But the left vertical stroke goes straight down, not curved.
まえ in front n

えきの 前に ホテルが あります。<There is a hotel in front of the station.>

~前 ~まえ _ ago, _ before n

1分前<1 minute ago>, 2日前<2 days ago>, なんか月前<how many months ago?>

: コウ、ゴ、あと、うし(ろ)、おく(れる)のち

Meaning: after, back, behind

  • All diagonal lines have similar tilt angle, and that makes the whole structure look orderly.
  • Except for the last stroke, lines are not crossed.
あと afterwards, later n

また 後で。<See you later.>

後ろ うし back, behind, rear n

後ろから くるまが きます。<A car is coming from behind.>

~後 ~ご after _ n

1分後<after 1 minute>, 2日後<after 2 days>, なんか月後<after how many months?>


前 and 後 are used for time and for space.

: ゴ

Meaning: noon

  • Upper horizontal line and vertical line are not crossed.
  • Upper horizontal line is shorter than the lower.
  • Don't mix up with 牛(cow).
午前 ぜん a.m., morning n

午前8時<8 a.m.>

午後 p.m., afternoon n

午後6時<6 p.m.>

: カン、ケンあいだ

Meaning: between, span

Shape: 門(gate) + 日(day)

  • The left and the right parts should be well balanced in size and the position.
  • Create enough space for small 日 inside.
じかん time n

時間が ありません。<There is no time.>

~じかん _ hours suffix

一時間<1 hour>, 二時間<2 hours>, なん時間<how many hours?>

Note the following irregular pronunciations:

4時間(じかん), 7時間(しちじかん or ななじかん), 9時間(じかん)

~間 かん duration suffix

間 can be used in other units.

1分間<1 minute>, 2日間<2 days>, なんか月間<how many months?>

: アンギョウ、コウ、い(く)、おこな(う)、ゆ(く)

Meaning: to go, to do

  • Upper horizontal line is shorter than the lower.
  • The last stroke is not crossed with the horizontal line.
行く く, to go v

There are two ways of reading いく and ゆく. いく is used more often.

[銀]行 ぎんこう bank n
[飛]行[機] こう airplane n
[旅]行 りょこう travel n

: 、カイ、あ(う)

Meaning: to meet, to see

  • Upper horizontal line is shorter than the lower.
  • The last 2 strokes are like Katakana ム, and are creating a balanced triangular shape.
会う to meet, to see (someone) v

: シャ、やしろ


Shape: ネ +

  • The left part is like Katakana ネ, and the right part is 土.
  • The shape of both should be vertically long.
会社 かいしゃ company, corporation n
Page Top

Writing Practice

Printable writing practice sheet is available at Kanji Writing Practice page.

Page Top

Meaning of Kanji

Each Kanji symbol expresses its meaning.

Kanji symbols containing the same component tend to have similar meanings.

  • 火(fire): 炎(flame), 燃(burn), 煙(smoke), 灰(ash), 爆(burst)
  • 木(tree): 森(forest), 枝(branch), 桜(cherry), 松(pine), 棒(stick)
  • 金(gold): 銀(silver), 銅(copper), 鉄(iron), 鎖(chain), 針(needle)

Many of Kanji words are made based on the meaning of the component Kanji symbols.

  • 大(big) + 人(person) = 大人(adult)
  • 電(electric) + 話(talk) = 電話(telephone)
  • 新(new) + 聞(hear) = 新聞(newspaper)
Page Top

Drill Exercise

Drill. A Drill. B Drill. C
Page Top

Kanji Master Drill

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8