Time 時間 (jikan)

How to describe Time in Japanese

Hour 時 [ji]

日本語[Japanese] 読み[Reading] 英語[English]
0時 (零時) -ji 0 o'clock
1時 (一時) ichi-ji 1 o'clock
2時 (二時) ni-ji 2 o'clock
3時 (三時) san-ji 3 o'clock
4時 (四時) yo-ji 4 o'clock
5時 (五時) go-ji 5 o'clock
6時 (六時) roku-ji 6 o'clock
7時 (七時) shichi-ji 7 o'clock
8時 (八時) hachi-ji 8 o'clock
9時 (九時) ku-ji 9 o'clock
10時 (十時) jū-ji 10 o'clock
11時 (十一時) jūichi-ji 11 o'clock
12時 (十二時) jūni-ji 12 o'clock
正午 shōgo 12 noon
何時 nan-ji What time?
午前 gozen a.m.
午後 gogo p.m.

See Numbers page to learn how to read numbers.

Add 時 [ji] after numbers. Irregular readings are colored in red.

Arabic number is usually used.

Minute 分 [fun]

日本語 [nihongo] 読み [yomi] 英語 [eigo]
0分 (〇分) rē-fun / zero-fun 0 minute
1分 (一分) ip-pun 1 minute past
2分 (二分) ni-fun 2 minutes past
3分 (三分) san-pun 3 minutes past
4分 (四分) yon-pun 4 minutes past
5分 (五分) go-fun 5 minutes past
6分 (六分) rop-pun 6 minutes past
7分 (七分) nana-fun 7 minutes past
8分 (八分) hap-pun 8 minutes past
9分 (九分) kyū-fun 9 minutes past
10分 (一〇分) jup-pun 10 minutes past
11分 (一一分) ip-pun 11 minutes past
20分 (二〇分) nijup-pun 20 minutes past
23分 (二三分) ni jūsan-pun 23 minutes past
30分 (三〇分) sanjup-pun 30 minutes past
35分 (三五分) sanjūgo-fun 35 minutes past
40分 (四〇分) yonjup-pun 40 minutes past
47分 (四七分) yonjūnana-fun 47 minutes past
50分 (五〇分) gojup-pun 50 minutes past
59分 (五九分) gojūkyū-fun 59 minutes past
han half past
何分 nan-pun ?

Add 分 [fun or pun] after numbers.

分 is pronounced fun or pun depending on after which number it follows.

2, 5, 7, 9 minutes are [fun], 1, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10 minutes are [pun]. After 10 minutes, the same pattern will be repeated.

0分 can be read either way, [rē fun] or [zero fun].

Second 秒 [byō]

日本語 [にほんご] 読み [よみ] 英語 [えいご]
0秒 zero-byō / rē-byō 0 second
1秒 ichi-byō 1 second
2秒 ni-byō 2 seconds
3秒 san-byō 3 seconds
4秒 yon-byō 4 seconds
5秒 go-byō 5 seconds
6秒 roku-byō 6 seconds
7秒 nana-byō 7 seconds
8秒 hachi-byō 8 seconds
9秒 kyu-byō 9 seconds
10秒 jū-byō 10 seconds
0.1秒 ten ichi-byō 0.1 seconds
0.02秒 ten zeroni-byō 0.02 seconds
何秒 nan-byō ?

Add 秒[byo] after numbers.

0 before the decimal point is read [rē], 0 after the point can be either way, [rē] or [zero].


4:30 am Gozen yo-ji sanjup-pun / Gozen yo-ji han
9:10 pm Gogo ku-ji jup-pun
7:53 Shichi-ji gojūsan-pun
12 noon Gogo jūni-ji / Shōgo
12 midnight Gozen rē-ji

Duration 期間 [kikan]

日本語 読み 英語
3時間 san-jikan 3 hours
何時間 nan-jikan How many hours?
10分間 jup-punkan minute(s)
何分間 nan-punkan How many minutes?
5秒間 go-byōkan 5 seconds
何秒間 nan-byōkan How many seconds?

Add 間 [kan] at the end.

Related Phrases

5時 5-ji ni at 5 o'clock
5時ちょうど 5-ji chōdo ni at 5 o'clock sharp
5時 5-ji goro ni at around 5 o'clock
5分 5-fun mae 5 minutes before
5分 5-fun go after 5 minutes
5時間 yaku 5-jikan about 5 hours
what time?
今、何時ですか? ima, nan-ji desuka? What time is it now?
how long?
どのくらいかかりますか? donokurai kakarimasuka? How long does it take?
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