Lesson 6: Eating and Sleeping


Number of person
Welcome. How many persons? Irasshaimase. Nan-mei-sama desuka?
6 persons.
4 persons.
2 adults and 1 child.

-nin: _persons

-mei: _persons (sounds more formal)

irasshaimase: welcome (polite)

-sama: prefix for a person (more polite than "san")

otona: adult

kodomo: child

_ to _: _ and _

Basic Rules

Number of persons:

-nin: number + nin (except for 1 & 2). 4 is pronounced "yo".
Examples: hitori (1), futari (2), san-nin (3), yo-nin (4), go-nin (5)

-mei: number + mei
Examples: ichi-mei (1), ni-mei (2), san-mei (3), yon-nin (4)

Polite form:

In Japan, it is said that "the customer is god.". Every sales person speaks polite language to their customers.

You may not have a chance to speak in that way, but you need to understand what they are saying.

In this course, such polite expressions are colored in blue.

Availability of the room
Do you have a single room?
Double rooms are full.
Dormitory room is for 4 persons.
In twin rooms, there are 2 beds.

_wa ari masuka?: Do you have_?

singuru rūmu: single room / daburu rūmu: double room / tsuin rūmu: twin room / aibeya: dormitory room

manshitsu: full

-: for the use of_ (otona-y :for adults, kodomo-yfor children)

beddo: bed

futatsu: 2 (things)

Basic Rules

Counting things:

In Japanese, different suffixes are attached to indicate the number of particular things.
Examples: 3 nin (3 persons), 2 mai (2 thin objects), 4 hiki (4 animals)

In this course, you will learn the most common way of counting things which can be used for almost everything.

1 to 10 are as follows. For more quantity, you can just say the number without preffix.

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 (things) hitotsu, futatsu, mittsu, yottsu, itsutsu, muttsu, nanatsu, yattsu, kokonotsu,
Length of stay
How long will you stay?
I'll stay for 3 days.
I'll stay 2 nights.
I'll stay one more night.

nan-nichi-kan: how many days?

tomaru: to stay

suru: to do

-haku: _overnight stay

ip-paku (1 night), ni-haku (2 nights), san-paku (3), yon-paku (4), go-haku (5), rop-paku (6), nana-haku (7), hap-paku (8), kyu-haku (9), jup-paku (10)... nan-paku? (how many nights?)

: more (mō ip-paku:one more night)

About fares
How much for a night?
Breakfast included?
Is there a fare for a child?
When should I pay?

ikura: how much (price)?

chōshoku: breakfast (sounds more formal than "asagohan")

_tsuki: attached, included

ryōkin: fare (kodomo ryōkin: fare for a child)

waribiki: discount (gakusei waribiki: student discount)

shiharai: payment

About utilities
Is there a shower in the room?
Toilet and shower are shared.
There are coin-washers on the 3rd floor.
Where there is the switch of air conditioner?

aru: there is

heya: room

- ni: in, at (place)

shawā: shower

kyōyō: shared, for common use

Koin randorii: coin operated washing machine

shokudō: dining room

-kai: floor

ik-kai (1st), ni-kai (2nd), san-kai (3rd)... nan-kai (which floor?)

eakon: air conditioner

- no: of_

suicchi: switch

doko ni?: at where?

Basic Rules

there is_:

Affirmative: ari masu (present) / ari mashita (past)

Negative: ari masen (present) / ari masendeshita (past)

Question: ari masuka? (present) / ari mashitaka? (past)

Selecting a room
Which is the cheapest room?
Can you show me the room?
Do you have a bigger room?
The 3rd floor is quieter than the 1st floor.
I'll take this room.

ichiban: the most, number one

yasui: cheap / takai: expensive

dore: which

miseru: show (misete moraemasuka?: Can you show me?)

motto: more

ōkii: big / chiisai: small

_yori: than_

shizuka: quiet / urusai: noisy

_ni shimasu: I'll take...

Basic Rules

Superlative = ichiban + adjectives or adverbs
Examples: Kore ga ichiban ōkii desu. (This is the largest.), Koko ga ichiban shizuka desu. (Here is the most quiet.)

Comparative = _yori + adjectives or adverbs
Examples: Kore wa are yori ōkii desu. (This is larger than that.), Koko wa asoko yori shizuka desu. (Here is more quiet than over there.)

Can I take your order? Gochūmon wa okimari desuka?
Order please.
3 tendon please.

chūmon: order

tendon: tempura bowl

mittsu: 3

About ingredients
What is in it?
Fish is not in it.
Without wasabi please.
What's the taste like?

hai tte iru: be contained

sakana: fish

wasabi: green horseradish paste

_nuki: without_

donna: how? what kind of?

aji: taste

amai: sweet / shoppai: salty / karai: hot, spicy / nigai: bitter

Vegetarian food
Where is this?
I don't eat meat and seafood.
Egg and dairy products are OK.
Can you cook only with vegetables?

yasai: vegetables

dake: only

ryōri: dishes, cuisine, food

niku: meat / shiifūdo: seafood

tamago: egg / nyū seihin: dairy products

daijōbu: all right

tsukuru: to make, to cook (: Can you cook?)

How about_?
How about drinks? Onomimono wa ikaga desuka?
Yes, 2 coffee please.
No, thanks.
All right. Please wait for a moment. Kashikomarimashita. Shōshō omachi kudasaimase.

nomimono: drinks

ikaga desuka?: how about?, what about?, how is? (polite)

kōhii: coffee / kōcha: English tea / orenji jūsu: orange juice

Iie, kekkō desu: No, thanks.
"kekkō" can mean both positive and negative response, like English "fine". Better to put "hai (yes)" or "iie (no)" in front to make it .

Extra arrangements
Is take-away possible?
Is it possible to have extra large helping?
Extra large helping costs 100 yen extra.
We are sorry. We can not do the home delivery.

dekimasuka?: Can you? Is it possible?

mochikaeri: take-away

ōmori: extra large helping (of food)

-en: _yen

_mashi: increase, extra

mōshiwake gozaimasen: I'm sorry. (polite)

takuhai: home delivery

Basic Rules

dekiru: can, possible

Affirmative: dekimasu (present) / dekimashita (past)

Negative: dekimasen (present) / dekimasendeshita (past)

Question: dekimasuka? (present) / dekimashitaka? (past)

Can I use credit card?
Cash only.
Can I pay?
Thank you. Please come again.

kurejitto kādo: credit card

: to use (tsukae masuka?: Can I use?)

genkin: cash

kaikei: payment

Mata okoshi kudasaimase (polite)

Basic Rules

tsukae ru:

Affirmative: tsukae masu (present) / tsukae mashita (past)

Negative: tsukae masen (present) / tsukae masendeshita (past)

Question: tsukae masuka? (present) / tsukae mashitaka? (past)

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