Lesson 10: Health and Emergency


Health problems
I don't feel well.
What's wrong?
Is there a pharmacy nearby?
I want to go to the hospital.
Are you all right?
It's not a big deal.
Take care.

karada: body

guai: condition

warui: bad

chikaku: nearby

yakkyoku: pharmacy

byōin: hospital

odaijini: Used only to the person who is sick or injured.

Body parts
head, eye, ear, nose, mouth
neck, arm, hand, leg
chest, back, belly, lower back
brain, heart, stomach, lung
I caught a cold.
I have a fever.
I have a headache.
I feel nauseous.
I have diarrhea.
It's swelled.
It's itchy.

kaze: cold / kaze o hiku: catch a cold

netsu: fever, heat

itai: it pains, it hurts, painful

hakike: nausea

geri: diarrhea

hareru: to swell

kayui: it itches

I got hurt.
I got burned.
I had a tumble.
I banged my head.
I cut myself with a knife.
I'm bleeding.

kega: injury

yakedo: burn

krobu: to have a tumble, to fall down

butsukeru: to bang, to bump

naifu: knife

kiru: to cut

chi: blood / chi ga deru: to bleed

At the pharmacy
How many hours will this medicine be effective?
Take twice a day after meals.
cold medicine, headache pills, antidiarrheal
antiseptic, band-aid, insect-repelling spray

kusuri: medicine

kiku: to effect, to be effective

shokugo: after the meal

shokuzen: before the meal

At the hospital
Surgery has to be performed at once.
3 days hospitalization is needed.
The treatment takes a week.
Can I use the travel insurance?

suguni: at once, right away

shujutsu: surgery, operation

hitsuyō: necessary, in need

nyūin: hospitalization

chiryō: medical treatment

ryokō hoken: travel insurance (ryokō: travel + hoken: insurance)

tsukau: to use

Lost property
I left my bag in the train.
What should I do?
It's good to talk to a station staff.
It may be found.
We will contact you if it is found.

densha: train

kaban: bag

okiwasureru: leave (oku: to put + wasureru: to forget)

do sureba iidesuka?: Used to ask what you should do.

ekiin: station staff

sōdan suru: to consult

mitsukaru: to be found

mitsukeru: to find

moshi: if

renraku suru: to contact, to get in touch

Basic Rules

verb (u) + kamo shiremasen = may _. (mentioning about the possibility)

Change the ending "i" to "u" and add "kamo shiremasen".

Examples: iki masu (I go) / iku kamo shiremasen (I may go, Maybe I go), Kanojo ni ai masu (I see her) / Kanojo ni au kamo shiremasen (I may see her, Maybe I see her).

Moshi + verb + tara (ttara) = If _.

Change the ending "i" to "u" and add "kamo shiremasen".

Examples: tabe masu (I eat) / moshi tabe tara (If I eat), kai masu (I buy) / Moshi ka ttara (If I buy).

At the police
My baggage was stolen.
I was cheated and got stolen my money.
I lost my wallet.
Where is the police box?
What happened?

koban: police box, police station

saifu: wallet, purse

nakusu: to lose

nimotsu: baggage, belongings

nusumu: to steal, to rob

damasu: to cheat

okane: money

toru: to take, to steal

Basic Rules

verb (a) + re mashita = passive form (past tense)

Change the ending vowel "i" to "a" and add "re mashita".

Examples: nusumi masu (I steal) / nusuma re mashita (I was stealed), kiri masu (I cut) / kira re mashita (I was cut).

Please help.
Please call an ambulance.
Please call the police.
My friend got serious injury.
My friend got terrible disease.

tasukeru: to help

kyukyusha: ambulance

yobu: to call (to come)

keisatsu: police

ōkega: serious injury

hidoi: terrible

byoki: disease, illness

Page Top

Basic Japanese Course

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10