Lesson 8: Expressing Your Feelings


That was good / not good.
That was funny (interesting) / boring.
That was delicious / bad taste.
That was beautiful / not beautiful.
That was easy / difficult.
That was effortless / hard.

yo i: good

omoshiro i: funny, interesting

tsumarana i: boring

oishi i: delicious

mazu i: bad taste

tsumarana i: boring

muzukashi i: difficult

kirei na: beautiful

kantan na: easy

raku na: effortless

taihen na: hard

Basic Rules

i-adjectives - "i" + katta desu = past tense

i-adjectives are the adjectives ends with "i" when it modifies a noun.

To make it the past tense, remove ending "i", and add "katta".

To make it negative, remove ending "i", and add "kunakatta".

Examples: oishi i desu (It's delicious) / oishi katta desu (It was delicious) / oishi kunai desu (It isn't delicious). / oishi kunakatta desu (It wasn't delicious).

na-adjectives + deshita = past tense

na-adjectives are the adjectives ends with "na" when it modifies a noun.

To make it the past tense, remove ending "na", and add "deshita".

To make it negative, remove ending "i", and add "dewa arimasen deshita".

Examples: kantan desu (It's easy) / kantan deshita (It was easy) / kantan dewa arimasen (It isn't easy). / kantan dewa arimasen deshita (It wasn't easy).

Likes & Dislikes
I like sushi very much.
I like sushi.
Sushi is OK.
I don't like sushi very much.
I don't like sushi.
I hate sushi.

suki: like, be fond of

kirai: dislike

dai_: Used to emphasize the following word. Only applicable to some words such as suki and kirai, not to all.

I'm glad. / I was sad.
It's fun. / It was not fun.
I got angry. / I didn't get angry.
I feel lonely. / I didn't feel lonely.
I was surprised. / I was surprised. (more casual)

ureshii: be glad, be pleased

kanashii: sad

tanoshii: fun, enjoyable

atama ni kita: got ungly (atama: head + ni: into + kuru: to come) Used in the past tense.

sabishii: to feel lonely

odoroku: be surprised

bikkuri suru: be surprised (sounds more casual)

Degree of Feelings
It's very hot.
It's hot.
It's a little hot.
It's not so hot.
It's not hot.
It's not hot at all.

atsui: hot (temperature)

totemo: very

sukoshi: little / warito: relatively

amari: not very_

zenzen: not at all

Basic Rules

different degree of feelings

The list above shows how to express the different degrees. Top is the most positive and the bottom is the most negative.

This rule can be applied to most cases.

"sukoshi" does not fit to some words, and "warito (means relatively)" can be used instead.

Examples: Ano eiga wa warito yokatta desu. (That movie was OK.)

About the Environment
It's hot. / It was cold.
It's warm. / It was cool.
It's clean. / It was dirty.
It's quiet. / It was noisy.

atsui: hot (temperature)

samui: cold, chilly (temperature)

atatakai: warm (temperature)

suzushii: cool (temperature)

kirei: clean (also means beautiful)

kitanai: dirty

shizuka: quiet, silent

urusai: noisy

About the Physical Conditions
Are you well? / I'm not feeling good.
Are you tired? / I'm not tired.
Are you hungry? / I'm full.
Are you thirsty? / I want to drink something.
Are you busy. / I have time to spare.

genki: being well

choshi: condition (physical and mental)

warui: bad

tsukareru: be tired

warui: bad

onaka ga suku: hungry (onaka: stomach + suku: be empty)

onaka ga ippai: full stomach (onaka: stomach + ippai: full)

nodo ga kawaku: thirsty (nodo: throat + kawaku: be dry)

isogashii: busy

hima: nothing to do, have plenty of time

About a person
nice person / annoying person
gentle / cold (attitude)
beautiful / handsome
intelligent / stupid
good at cooking / bad at cooking

ii: good, nice

iyana: annoying, unpleasing

hito: person

yasashii: gentle, sweet

tsumetai: cold

kirei: beautiful (about women)

hansamu: handsome (about men)

atama ga ii: smart, intelligent (atama: head + ii: good)

atama ga warui: dull, stupid (atama: head + warui: bad)

ryōri: cooking (also means dishes, cuisine)

_ga jōzu: be good at_

_ga heta: be bad at_

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