Lesson 2: か き く け こ

Reading

How to Read

か き く け こ

か, き, く, け, and こ are placed in the second row of the 五十音図 [gojūon-zu | Table of 50 sounds].

Dakuon

が ぎ ぐ げ ご

Letters with two small dots are called 濁音 dakuon (lit. muddy/turbid sound). These are the voiced sounds of か, さ, た, は-row syllables.

Contrary, voiceless sounds are called 清音 seion (lit. clear sound).

Irregular Pronunciation

Rule 1: o + u = ō

word component pronunciation
おう (王 king) noun o u ō
こうこう (高校 high school) ko u ko u kōkō
くうこう (空港 airport) ku u ko u kūkō

When お colum letters (お こ そ と の ほ も よ ろ ご ぞ ど ぼ ぽ) are followed by う, the pronunciation is [ō] (long o) not [ou].

The spelling in Rōmaji is [ō].

Rule 1 (exception): o + u = ou

word component pronunciation
おう (追う to chase) verb o u ou

There are exceptions. For example, when お colum letters + う is the verb ending, you read as it is written.

Rule 2: e + i = ei / ē

word component pronunciation
えいが (映画 movie) e i ga eiga / ēga
えいご (英語 English) e i go eigo / ēgo
Irregular Pronunciation

When え colum letters (え け せ て ね へ め れ げ ぜ で べ ぺ) are followed by い, the pronunciation often becomes [ē] (long e).

This is a natural phenomenon and the degree of this change varies from person to person.

Both ways [ei] and [ē] are correct.

The spelling in Rōmaji is [ei].

Quiz

Reading Quiz A Reading Quiz B

How to Do

  1. Hiragana will be shown.
  2. Read out the letter when it becomes red color.
  3. You are good enough if you can read correctly the last 10 questions.

This program is a video file. There is no function to check your answer.

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Writing

How to Write

Hiragana a Hiragana a - line 1 Hiragana a - line 2 Hiragana a - line 3

Look closely how lines are tilted.

Place Line 3 at the right place.

Hiragana i Hiragana i - line 1 Hiragana i - line 2 Hiragana i - line 2 Hiragana i - line 2

Lines should be properly tilted.

Line 4 is slightly curved.

Lines 3 and 4 are separated.

Hiragana u Hiragana u - line 1

Upper half and lower half are the same length.

Mind the proper angle.

Hiragana e Hiragana e - line 1 Hiragana e - line 2 Hiragana e - line 2

Line 3 is longer than Line 1.

The end of Line 3 is slightly curved.

Hiragana o Hiragana o - line 1 Hiragana o - line 2

Lines are slightly curved.

Line 2 is longer than Line 1.

Hiragana a Hiragana a - line 1 Hiragana a - line 2

Lines should be the same length and are pararell.

Keep the proper distance from the main letter.

Do some handwriting practice by using the writing practice sheet.

Quiz

Writing Quiz A Writing Quiz B

How to Do

  1. Have a pan and a paper.
  2. Listen to audio and write it down in Hiragana.
  3. You are good enough if you can write correctly the last 10 questions.

Blank Writing Pactice Sheet also can be used.

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Typing

How to Type

Hiragana
Keystrokes ka ki ku ke ko
Hiragana
Keystrokes ga gi gu ge go

The keystrokes shown above are the same as the Rōmaji spelling.

Sample Fonts

Standard Shape

a a a a a
a a a a a

Refer this standard shape when you do the writing practice.

Sample Fonts

a a a a a
a a a a a

These are commonly used fonts. Just take a look and observe the difference.

Please note that the shape of these sample fonts can be inappropriate for handwriting.

Quiz

Typing Quiz A Typing Quiz B

How to Do

  1. Hiragana letters will be shown.
  2. Answer the keystrokes to input them.
  3. You are good enough if you can answer correctly the last 10 questions.

Type your answer in Roman alphabet on the text box below the video screen.

For more practical training, you can type the answer in Hiragana (if your computer is ready for the Japanese text input).

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Karaoke Song Album コネクト (Connect) - ClariS

コネクト (Connect)
by ClariS

Opening Theme of animation
"Puella Magi Madoka Magica"

Learn Japanese by singing!

Music video of the song

Lyrics in Rōmaji & Hiragana

Word by word translation

This content is only for those who watched the program.